Olga Blanco1 and Javier Fernandez-Rio2*
1Athletic Trainer, Alternative Therapies Practitioner, Spain
2University of Oviedo, Spain
Received: 02 March, 2015; Accepted: 17 March, 2015; Published: 19 March, 2015
Dr. Javier Fernandez-Rio, University of Oviedo, Spain, Email:
Blanco O, Fernandez-Rio J (2015) Lesional Incidence in a Women's Professional Basketball Team during a Complete Season. J Nov Physiother Phys Rehabil 2(1): 016-019. DOI: 10.17352/2455-5487.000020
© 2015 Blanco O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Sport; Women's basketball; Injuries; Recovery; Treatment; Prevention
Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the lesional incidence of a professional basketball team during a complete season, noting the type of injuries that take place and their recuperation times, in parallel with the recovery treatments used.
Method: 11 players of a Spanish division-II basketball players (23.45 ± 5.44 years) and their athletic trainer agreed to participate. All injuries occurred during the 2013-14 Spanish division-II women's basketball season and their treatment were recorded and classified.
Conclusions: The injuries that occurred during the 2013-14 season, to a large extent, were mild with a fast recovery time; being the musculoskeletal disorders of the lower limb and the lower back the most common ones. The majority of them were produced during practice, not competition.
The importance of women's sport, despite its low media impact, it's a fact. In countries such as Spain, a large number of sporting successes in recent years have come from the hand of female athletes or women's teams in different disciplines and categories.
In the case of basketball, the numbers speak for themselves. In Spain, it is the female sport with the larger number of licenses , but in spite of this, there is little specific bibliography on women's basketball injuries.
We must take into account the complexity that represents the cataloging of an injury, as there are often different factors influencing them. In basketball, despite not being considered a contact sport, there is constant contact between players, of the opposing team and between partners. In addition, there are a wide variety of different actions involved in the sport: jumps, sprints, displacements, constant repetition of movements, etc, . All this reasons make the classification of the lesions difficult.
Based on the aforementioned and taking advantage of our daily work with a division-II professional team, we decided to record all data during a complete season in order to be able to assess which were the main injuries that the players met on a daily basis. We were interested on the time of the season in which the injuries occurred, the incidence they had in the athletes' training and competition, and how to correct them using a multidisciplinary team: coach, athletic trainer and conditioning coach.
The experimental design used in this research project can be considered single-case, since the study was carried out with the total staff of a division-II women basketball team during the season 2013/2014: 11 players. They were all professional players which trained four days a week and competed every Saturday from October to May. The inclusion/exclusion criteria were: (1) participate in over 90% of the team practices, and (2) miss less that 10% of the official games.
For data collection an excell table (Microsoft) was developed using the Questionnaire for Injury Incidence  as a benchmark. This assessment instrument was developed and validated by the Spanish Basketball Federation to be used by all the clubs competing in the national league. It is divided in two different parts:
In the first one, data from each player regarding date of the injury, week of the season in which it occurred, type, cause and location of the lesion, estimated time of recovery, treatment performed, number of practices and matches lost by the player, and total number of sessions needed for full recovery.
In the second part, data regarding the type of injury (articular, muscle, tendon, bone, and others...), as well as body part affected (upper limbs, lower limbs, spine, trunk or head) was recorded.
The execution of the research project involved two steps: first, permission from the Ethics Committee of the researchers' University and the players' club was obtained, and second, a written informed consent was signed by all the participants.
All data was analysed using the statistical program SPSS 22.0 (IBM, Chicago, IL). Demographic characteristics of all participants are presented in Table 1.
Lesions according to the anatomical structure
Data analysis revealed that there were a total of 110 injuries along the full 2013-14 session, including preseason and the competitive period.
Figure 1 shows the global percentages of the injuries recorded:
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