Hediye Pınar Gunbey*
Ondokuz Mayıs University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section, Samsun, Turkey
Received: 24 March, 2015; Accepted: 10 April, 2015; Published: 13 April, 2015
Hediye Pınar Gunbey, Ondokuz Mayıs University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section, Samsun, Turkey
Gunbey HP (2015) Where We are Standing in the Choice of Most Effective Radiological Imaging for Patient's Benefits? Int J Radiol Radiat Oncol 1(1): 001.
© 2015 Gunbey HP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Today the radiologic investigations are the indispensable diagnostic tools in medical care especially in emergency, oncology and pediatry departments. The imaging has the benefits for the patients follow-up as well as the diagnostic significance. In the last fifteen years the advanced imaging techniques in neuroradiology provides very important data of the brain such as metabolites with MR Spectroscopy, microvascularity with perfusion imaging, integrity of white matter with diffusion tensor imaging and network of cortex with functional imaging. These techniques are performing for oncologic patient monitoring and preoperative evaluation as well as the early diagnosis of stroke. Advanced techniques also takes place in abdominal imaging tecniques such as MR spectroscopy, perfusion, diffusion, dynamic contrast imaging and recently elastography. These are performing to characterize the suspected liver and prostat gland lesions. MR elastograhy and relatively breast MRI are also new modalities improving the diagnosis of malign and benign lesions.
As the technology of imaging techniques improves and spreads likea branches of a tree, the choiceof most effective one is being difficult day by day. The confused minds might lead to the requests of unneccessary radiologic investigations. In the Emergency Departments clinicians are ordering increasing numbers of computed tomography scans (CT), CT angiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MR), and MR angiography to evaluate headache [1Broder J, Warshauer DM (2006) Increasing utilization of computed tomography in the adult emergency department, 2000–2005. Emerg Radiol 13: 25-30. ]. Research suggests that many of these studies are duplicative or otherwise unnecessary [2Friedman BW, Serrano D, Reed M, Diamond M, Lipton RB (2009) Use of the emergency department for severe headache. A population-based study. Headache 49: 21-30. ]. Imaging is costly and CTs subject patients to dangerous ionizing radiation, increasing risk of malignancy [3Brenner DJ, Hall EJ (2007) Computed tomography–an increasing source of radiation exposure. N Engl J Med 357: 2277-84]. There are also a lot of unnneccessary advanced neuroimaging requests for the first diagnosis from Neurology Departments and fort the folllow-up from the Oncology Departments. This may be due to lack of knowledge about the indications of the advanced techniques.
The complaint of clinicans may be the easiest way.However what we are doing as radiologists to solve this increasingly complicated problem. As the professionals who have an important role on patients medical management, we have to take the responsibilites of all radiologic investigations in our instution. That means we should be able to decide which radiological examinations is beneficial to the patient in accordance to requests from clinicians. We should also share our experience and knowledge for indications of radiological techniques and evidence-based guidelines with clinicians more ferquently. Yet little is known regarding best methods for reducing unnecessary imaging we should have to improve our dialog with clinicans and help them with evidence-based guidelines. This might avoid unnecessary costs /radiation for the benefits of patients and labor for the benefits of medical stuff.
- Broder J, Warshauer DM (2006) Increasing utilization of computed tomography in the adult emergency department, 2000–2005. Emerg Radiol 13: 25-30.
- Friedman BW, Serrano D, Reed M, Diamond M, Lipton RB (2009) Use of the emergency department for severe headache. A population-based study. Headache 49: 21-30.
- Brenner DJ, Hall EJ (2007) Computed tomography–an increasing source of radiation exposure. N Engl J Med 357: 2277-84.