Annals of Antivirals and Antiretrovirals


    Open Access Research Article Article ID: AAA-2-104

    Castalagin: Some aspects of the mode of Anti-Herpes Virus Activity

    N Vilhelmova-Ilieva, D Deffieux, S Quideau, AS Galabov*

    Castalagin, a nonahydroxytriphenoyl-bearing C-glucosidic ellagitannin, manifested a marked virucidal effect on HSV-1. This effect was markedly temperature and time dependent, being clearly higher at 37 °C than at room temperature: Δlog of 3.13 with 10 μM concentration of castalagin (MNC). Castalagin also suppressed HSV-1 particle attachment to MDBK cells. A significant effect (Δlog = 1.7) was found after 30 min of substance exposure and was increased at 60 min (Δlog = 3.2). Castalagin effect on the production of virions during the HSV-1 replication cycle was studied using a time-of-addition experimental scheme at the one-step viral replication cycle design. The highest sensitivity to castalagin was recorded 0–3 h post virus inoculation. A substantially weaker effect was found at the 6–12 h time intervals. At 18–24 h, HSV-1 replication was unsusceptible to castalagin. Evidently, castalagin target is located in the earlier stages of the HSV-1 replication cycle.

    Keywords: Herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1); Tannins; Ellagitannins; Castalagin; Antiviral; Virucidal effect; Virion attachment; Viral replication cycle; Time-of-addition study

    Published on: Feb 15, 2018 Pages: 4-7

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/aaa.000004
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