Open Access Case Report Article ID: ACMPH-3-121

    Factors Associated with Medication Adherence among hypertensive Patients in a Tertiary Health Center: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Ezeala-Adikaibe BA*, Mbadiwe N, Okudo G, Nwosu N, Nwobodo N, Onyebueke G, Nwobodo M, Nnaji T, Okafor UH, Orjioke C, Okpara T, Aneke E, Chime P, Okwara CC, Ekochin F, Ezeme, Eze G and Abonyi

    Introduction: Medication non-adherence is a major hindrance in the treatment of hypertension in Sub Saharan Africa. It is a major modifi able contributor to poor blood pressure control and complications of the disorder. An understanding of the factors that are associated with drug adherence in hypertension will contribute positively to the overall planning of public health educational programs on hypertension. Methods: This study was cross sectional and descriptive in nature conducted in the medical outpatient clinic of Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu Nigeria. Data collection was done using a semi-structured questionnaire. The Morinsky-Green Medication adherence scale was used to estimate  medication adherence. Statistical analyses was done using SPSS version 22 (IBM Corporation, New York, USA).

    Results: A total of 436 patients were surveyed in this study. Most of the patients (90.1%) sometimes forget to take their medications or do not bring their medications along when they leave home (94.3%). The highest rates of non-adherence were reported in patients who were totally dependent (62.5%). High depression scores, low disability scores and the presence of peptic ulcer disease correlated with  onadherence. In regression analysis Morinsky-Green scores (R2 = 0.04), decreased by a factor of 0.06 with a unit increase in level of dependence, by a factor of 0.09 with a unit increase in HADS depression scores and by 0.73 in those that have peptic ulcer.

    Conclusions: Non-adherence is high among hypertensive patients attending tertiary care centers in the South East. Educational measures targeted towards improving adherence are needed to reduce the level of non-adherence.


    Published on: Mar 24, 2017 Pages: 24-31

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-5479.000021
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