Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: AOR-2-115

    Correlation between Bispectral Index and Sleep Stage of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome

    Shu Hua Li*, Chan Meng, Chunhai Shi and Renyi Hei

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between bispectral indexes (BIS) and sleep staging in patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) under natural sleep conditions.

     Materials and Methods: Twelve patients who had been clinically diagnosed with OSAHS were monitored by polysomnography (PSG) and bispectral index (BIS) that were simultaneously recorded to determine the BIS at different sleep stages and analyze the patterns.

     Results: One patient did not meet the diagnostic criteria of OSAHS, and another patient lacked non-rapid eye movement stage 3 (N3) during sleep. Both patients were excluded from this study. Ten patients who met the diagnostic criteria of moderate to severe OSAHS were included in the final statistical analysis. The BIS during the following sleep stages, i.e., awake, stages N1, N2, N3, and rapid eye movement (REM) ranged from 75-91, 65-91, 60-86, 47-82, and 66-91, respectively (mean ± standard deviation: 86.3 ± 4.62, 78.4 ± 9.72, 73.8 ± 8.59, 61.8 ± 11.90, and 83.3 ± 7.32, respectively).

     Conclusion: BIS gradually decreased in the deeper stages of sleep. However, there was a considerable overlap in BIS values between different sleep stages, making it difficult to use BIS as a marker for sleep staging. To ensure an accurate examination of airways in the patient during sleep induction, these should be executed when the BIS is reduced to 77 or below.

    Keywords:

    Published on: Mar 30, 2016 Pages: 16-19

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-1759.000015
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