Open Access Review Article Article ID: GJA-5-141

    Witnessed Cardiac Arrest by Nigerian Health Workers; Improving the Outcomes

    Queeneth Ndukwe Kalu*, Oku Oboko Oboko, Oti Stephen, Kalu Ndukwe Nwaogburu

    Aim: To assess the involvement of health workers in Cross River State, Nigeria with CPR during

    witnessed sudden cardiac arrest and the resources available to them for intervention.

    Settings and Design: The study was carried out in Cross River State, Southern Nigeria which has an

    international boundary with Cameroon in the East. It is a descriptive, Cross sectional study among health


    Methods and Material: Consenting health workers belonging to the various categories who met the

    eligibility criteria were selected using the non-probability method. They included; Doctors, Pharmacists,

    Nurses, Laboratory scientists, Physiotherapists, Optometrists, Radiographers and Anaesthetic

    Technicians. Those who declined to complete the questionnaire were excluded.

    Statistical analysis used: Descriptive statistics (frequency proportions, means and standard

    deviation) was used to summarize variables. The level of signifi cance was set at P<0.05

    Results: One hundred and eighty-two (52.8%) out of the 345 respondents surveyed, had witnessed and been involved in CPR for cardiac arrest. Common sites of witness were the ward (79, 43.4%), A & E unit (36, 19.8%), theatre (27, 14.8%), home (23, 12.6%) and ICU (17, 9.4%). Approximately half of respondents (50.5%) were involved in chest compressions for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), while 45.1%, 36.3%, 31.3%, 28.6% and 22.0% were involved in oxygen therapy, IV fl uid therapy, rescue breathing, IV adrenaline therapy and transportation to hospital, respectively. Only 13.2% performed defi brillation as part of the CPR. Approximately half of respondents (48.9%) had participated in successful CPR. Contribution to successful CPR were attributed to immediate recognition (38.2%), prompt CPR (38.2%), oxygen therapy (30.3%), adrenaline administration (20.2%) and fl uid therapy (19.1%).

    Keywords: Witnessed cardiac arrest; Nigerian health workers

    Published on: Oct 26, 2018 Pages: 7-12

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-3476.000041
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