Open Access Review Article Article ID: GJIDCR-4-120

    Leishmaniasis during the increased Syrian refugee traffic

    Nurittin Ardic*, Alper Fatih Ardic and Zeynep Gunel

    Especially in recent years, important population mobility occurs worldwide, including refugee crisis affecting especially Middle East and Europe. Consequently, like other infectious diseases have significance for public health, leishmaniasis is spreading globally. 350 million people in 88 countries, mostly in developing areas, are at risk of leishmaniasis. The diseases may be seen in three clinical forms as cutaneous, mucocutaneous, or visceral caused by about 20 different species of Leishmania parasite. The parasitological diagnosis is made by microscopic examination, cultivation, PCR and serological methods. There is currently no available vaccine for this infection. Pentavalent antimonials are the first line therapeutic choice, whereas amphotericin B, pentamidine, miltefosine, and paromomycin are alternative drugs. Other side, increasing resistance and toxicity of the current therapeutics are significant problems. The combination therapy, immunotherapy, anti-leishmanial synthetic and natural products, and local hyperthermic applications are promising for future treatment of leishmaniasis. The preventive efforts have been applying based on individuals and community.In CHB patients, habits of drinking alcohol and cigarette smoking, elevated serum levels of TBil and serum AST/ALT ratio, increased duration of hepatitis B, a family of hepatitis B, male gender and older age can increase the risk of LC development.


    Published on: Dec 19, 2018 Pages: 13-16

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-5363.000020
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