Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: IJVSR-6-146

    Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle and the associated risk factors in Oromia, Ethiopia

    Dereje Lemu*, Abeje Abera, Tadelech kebede and Dimshasha Tolera

    A cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2013 by using Comparative Intra-dermal Tuberculin Test (CIDT) in order to determine the prevalence bovine TB and the associated risk factors in Tiyo, Agarfa districts and in Shashemene town of Oromia National Regional State. The study subjects included were crossbred dairy animals, kept under intensive e management systems. A standard questionnaire formats was used to collect information relevant to the age, body condition and the herd size of the animals. Five hundred forty two dairy animals were included in the study. The individual prevalence of BTB was 4.24% and 20.66% at ≥4 mm and ≥2mm cut off value respectively. The herd level prevalence of was found to be 48.9% (95%, CI: 34%-63%). The questionnaires survey results of this study indicated that, more than 85.1% of the households were consuming raw milk, whereas 14.8% were consuming heat-treated milk. 74.4% of the respondents were aware, that the transmission of bovine TB through consumption of raw milk, milk products and raw meat. The present study revealed that the overall low prevalence of bovine TB in the study area. Education and raising awareness of the animal owners about the health risks of contacting with infected animals, consumption habits of raw meat, unpasteurized milk, and milk products are very imperative. Moreover, appropriate diagnosis of the disease and provision of useful information for use by public health and agricultural officials is important in the control practices of bovine tuberculosis. This approach is highly appreciated and is a key to tackling zoonotic tuberculosis for the future. 

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    Published on: Jan 31, 2020 Pages: 1-4

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/ijvsr.000046
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