Abstract

    Open Access Research Article Article ID: JCMBT-6-140

    Detection of giardia lamblia genotypes in sewage and in stool samples in Israel

    Abidelfatah M Nasser*, Neta-Lee Benisti, Marina Taran-Benshoshan, Valeria Kravitz and Yeshayahu Nitzan

    Giardia lamblia is a protozoan parasite which causes a severe disease called Giardiasis. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Giardia cysts in raw wastewater and its prevalence in the study community. Furthermore, the prevalence of assemblages A and B in sewage was compared with their prevalence in stool samples tested positive for Giardia. All wastewater samples were found positive for Giardia at a concentration range of 10-12225 cysts/L. Positive stool samples contained Giardia at an average concentration of 1.4x105cysts/gr. Giardia assemblage A alone was detected in 38.2% of wastewater samples, whereas assemblage B was not detected separately. However, 61.8% of the samples were found to contain both assemblages. In stool samples, the majority 27 out of 50 (54%) were found to contain assemblage B, 34.6% contained assemblage A and only 11.5% contained a mix of both assemblages. The results of the study indicate that Giardia is highly prevalent in wastewater in Israel reflecting its prevalence in the community. In addition, assemblage A is highly prevalent in wastewater, whereas assemblage B is more prevalent in stool samples, suggesting milder and/or carrier state of infection for assemblage A.

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    Published on: Jun 23, 2020 Pages: 29-32

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/jcmbt.000040
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