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Archives of Clinical Nephrology

    Abstract

    Open Access Review Article PTZAID:ACN-1-108

    Acute Renal Failure in Sarcoidosis: A Review of the Literature

    Teresa Papalia*, Rosita Greco, Agata Mollica and Renzo Bonofiglio

    We report two cases of acute kidney failure (ARF) as the initial manifestation of sarcoidosis. Two patients were sent from their primary care physicians with hypercalcemia and progressive increase of serum creatinine. The renal biopsy revealed granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN). Both patients were started on Methylprednisolone pulse therapy, followed by administration of oral prednisolone and by a slow taper thereafter to a maintenance dose. The renal function has improved immediately in response to this therapy. Our cases demostrates thet GIN due to sarcoidosis, although a rare entity, can cause severe ARF and progressive ESRD. With early detection and appropriate therapy, the majority of patients will maintain adequate renal function. Therefore the diagnosis of renal sarcoidosis must be done quickly to prevent renal.

    Keywords:

    Published on: Apr 26, 2016 Pages: 11-16

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/acn.000008 CrossMark

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