Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible impact of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) on quality of life (QoL), social anxiety, and perceived mental health in obese patients suffering from psychosis and mood disorder.
Methods: Two hundred obese individuals suffering from psychosis and mood disorder who applied at a program for weight loss were approached during their first visit to the program. One hundred and ninety- six of the patients participated in the study. Participants’ weights and heights were measured prior to the administration of the questionnaires. Each participant completed the World Health Organization-Brief Quality of Life Assessment Scale, the General Health Questionnaire, the Social Physique Anxiety Scale, and a questionnaire on dietary and activity habits.
Results: Sixty-nine participants (35.2%) were found to suffer from BED according to DSM-V criteria. The comparison between the BED and non-BED participants showed that the Body Mass Index (BMI) of the BED/psychosis group (mean: 35.4) was higher (Mann-Whitney U test: p=0.04) than the non-BED/ psychosis group (mean: 31.8). Also the BED/mood disorders group showed lower than the non-BED/mood disorder scores in all the QoL measurements, general health (total score and depression sub-scale) and social physique anxiety measurements. Furthermore, the psychological domain of OoL was the factor that differed between the BED and non-BED group (OR= 9.8, p=0.02) indicating thus that the group of obese mental health patients that is suffering from BED is highly burdened with low psychological quality of life.
Conclusion: BED in psychotic obese patients is related mainly with increased body weight while in mood disorder obese patients is related with a variety of perceived aspects of well-being.
Published on: Jun 21, 2017 Pages: 18-22
University of Siena, Italy
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