In Hungary, the mortality rates from colorectal cancer are dramatically high, therefore the reduction by population screening as a public health measure is considered as one of the priorities of the National Public Health Programme. The aim of screening is to reduce the burden of cancer on the population by discovering latent disease in its early stage and treating it more effectively than if diagnosed later in a symptomatic stage. In the beginning, a human-specific immunological test was applied in the “model programmes”, as a screening tool to detect the occult blood in the stool; compliance was 32% in average. However, the objectives of the model programmes have not been achieved, because – among other reasons – a debate on method of choice and the strategy to follow have divided the professional public opinion. In this paper the debated issues are critically discussed, being convinced that – at present – population screening seems to be the most promising way to alleviate the burden of colorectal cancer.
Published on: Jun 18, 2016 Pages: 44-49