ISSN: 2640-7604 Life Sciences Group

International Journal of Veterinary Science and Research  Open Access

    Abstract

    Open Access Mini Review Article ID: IJVSR-3-121

    Energy Metabolism Correlations in Tick Embryo Development

    Renato Martins, Newton Ruiz, Rodrigo Nunes da Fonseca, Itabajara da Silva Vaz Junior and Carlos Logullo*

    The cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus is an ectoparasite able to transmit a large number of pathogens, causing considerable losses in the cattle industry, with substantial damage to livestock.Currently, many studies has been conducted in search of targets to control these vectors, primarily in adults,nymphs or larvae, neglecting other important stage of the life cycle, such as the embryo.The embryogenesis has also been classically described as an energy-consuming process, sustaining cell proliferation, differentiation and growth. Furthermore, in arthropods, the embryonic stage is characterized by the mobilization of metabolites of maternal origin for the development of new tissues and organs. The resynthesis of glycogen in late embryogenesis has been described in numerous arthropods as Drosophila melanogaster,Rhodnius prolixus, Aedes aegypti, and others, being an indicator of embryonic integrity. In the case of tick R. microplus this glycogen resynthesis is sustained by protein degradation through gluconeogenesis pathway at the end of embryonic process. However, during early embryogenesis the lipids are recruited to ensure cell proliferation and differentiation. Despite the recent advancements in energy metabolism and molecular information, the process of dynamic nutrients utilization during embryogenesis of the tick R.microplus is poorly understood. In this context, this study aims to describe the regulatory mechanisms of the carbohydrate metabolism, associating with maternal zygotic transition in order to yield new targets for developing novel acaricides and other interventions to control R. microplus infestations.

    Keywords:

    Published on: Aug 7, 2017 Pages: 50-54

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/ijvsr.000021 CrossMark

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