Introduction: Identification of the disease in its early period changes the outcome. Early reorganition of the chronic kidney disease and a timely referral to nephrologist also affects the prognosis of the disease.The factors which contribute in late referral are well known in the western population. There is a need to look into the factors in our population.
Methods:This cross sectional study was conducted in the nephrology unit of Dow university hospital and The Kidney center post graduate medical institute. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data on sociodemographic characteristics. The stages of CKD were determined by the creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate at the time of first presentation at hospital. To measure association of stage of CKD with categorical study variables, chi-square test was executed. Level of significance was considered at 5%.
Results: Among the different stages of CKD, most of the patients (31.2%) first time presented in the hospital with stage V kidney disease; on the other hand only 8.7% of total patients came in stage 1. Gender, age, socioeconomic status and education were associated with late referral of the CKD patients in the hospital (p value≤ 0.05) while rural and urban residence was not associated with referral time of patients.
Published on: Jun 19, 2017 Pages: 26-29
ReGenera R&D International for Aging Intervention & San Babila Clinic, Milano, Italy
Archives of Clinical Gastroenterology
Beijing University of Technology , PR China
Journal of Civil Engineering and Environmental Sciences
Malgorzata Gabriela WASNIEWSKA
University of Messina, Italy
International Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Former member of MGH, USA
International Journal of Immunotherapy and Cancer Research
University of Athens , Greece
International Journal of Oral and Craniofacial Science