Diarrhea in young calves in dairy farms is one of the main causes of economic losses, morbidity and mortality. The use of probiotic products as feed additives or complements is a novel alternative for the prevention of intestinal syndromes. In order to include beneficial bacteria in the design of a probiotic product, their functional and safety characteristics must be studied. The aim of this work is to evaluate the behavior of the strains in some “in vitro” gastrointestinal conditions such as acid stress and bile salts in the specific physiological concentration of young calves. The antibiotic susceptibility of a group of lactic acid bacteria from calves which were identified due to their beneficial properties was also studied. The strains, genetically identified and used for the resistance assays were: Lactobacillus johnsonii CRL1692, CRL1693, CRL1699, CRL1700, CRL1701 and CRL1706; L. amylovorus CRL1697; L. murinus CRL 1695 and CRL1705; L. mucosae CRL1696 and CRL1698; L. salivarius CRL1694 and CRL1702; and Enterococcus faecium CRL1703. The results of gut resistance assays showed that all the strains were resistant to pH 4 and to a bile salts concentration of less than 0.5%. However, some of them were sensitive to pH 2. The most pH-sensitive strains were found to be L. johnsonii and L. amylovorus, and enterococci. However, pre-treatment at low pH increased the growth rate of the L. salivarius strains. The minimal inhibitory concentration showed that the strains were sensitive to Tetracycline, Erythromycin, Chloramphenicol and Ampicillin, while most of them were resistant to Kanamycin. The results allowed the selection of the most adequate strains to be included in a probiotic product that can be utilized most successfully in young calves.
Published on: Dec 16, 2015 Pages: 11-22