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Peertechz Journal of Pediatric Therapy

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Case Report PTZAID: PJPT-2-109

Isolated Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia in Seriously Ill Children – Don’t Forget Sepsis!

Anirban Mandal* and Amitabh Singh

Background: Jaundice is frequently associated with extrahepatic systemic infections. The important causes include increased bilirubin levels due to hemolysis, hepatic dysfunction, reduced excretion and cholestasis. Sepsis induced cholestasis has a unique pathophysiologic basis. Although common in gram negative sepsis among neonates, the clinical features of sepsis induced cholestasis are not widely recognized older children.

Case report: We present a 6 year old, premorbidly asymptomatic boy with community acquired MRSA sepsis-pneumonia and ARDS (Acute respiratory distress syndrome) with isolated conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. A diagnosis of sepsis induced isolated cholestasis was considered after ruling out other possible causes of cholestasis. The hyperbilirubinemia improved with improvement in the primary pathology.

Conclusion: Early recognition of sepsis as a cause of isolated cholestatic jaundice would avoid unnecessary investigations and therapy would help in early institution of appropriate therapy.

Published on: Dec 6, 2016 Pages: 10-12

Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/pjpt.000009

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