Background of the study: Detection of the opportunistic microorganisms can be the indicator for the oral hygiene. However, there are many sampling sites in one subject.
Context and purpose of study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suitable sampling site for opportunistic pathogens as an indicator of the oral hygiene.
Results: In the 21 healthy females’ swab samples of tonsil, meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, Pneumobacillus, Haemophilus influenzae, H. parainfluenzae, Lancefield group A streptococci, Lancefield group G streptococci, Haemophilus sp. were detected; detection rates were 33.3%, 4.8%, 19.0%, 4.8%, 4.8% and 14.3%, respectively. The detection rates of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus sp. were the highest when compared to the other sampling sites. For H. influenzae, the detection rates were relatively high; 14.3% for tongue, 38.1% for dental plaque and 52.4% for saliva.
Main findings: Detections of the commensal and opportunistic pathogens from tonsil and saliva were independent. Microbial flora form nasal cavity was independent form pharynx.
Conclusion: Tonsil and saliva are the suitable sampling site to detect the opportunistic pathogens for the indicator of the oral hygiene.
Brief Summary: Opportunistic pathogens in tonsil or saliva can be the indicator of the oral hygiene.
Potential implications of the study: For the prevention of pneumonia, oral care is useful. In this situation, MRSA, P. aeruginosa, β-hemolytic streptococci, S. marcescens, M. catarrhallis or H. influenza in tonsil or saliva can be the indicator of the oral care.
Published on: May 4, 2016 Pages: 30-34
Vingolo Enzo Maria
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Journal of Clinical Research and Ophthalmology
Malgorzata Gabriela WASNIEWSKA
University of Messina, Italy
International Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ohio State University, USA
Peertechz Journal of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics
Beijing University of Technology , PR China
Journal of Civil Engineering and Environmental Sciences
Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
Archives of Nursing Practice and Care