Objective: To evaluate the utility of inspiratory capacity (IC) measured by simple spirometry as an indirect measure of air trapping.
Method: Functional residual capacity (FRC) and IC were determined, respectively, by a body plethysmography and by spirometry. Air trapping was defined by a FRC higher than 120%. Spearman’s rho between IC and FRC is determined and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve) is calculated as predictive of air trapping for IC. The best cutoff of the overall test is calculated.
Results: 148 patients were included with a mean FEV1 60% (SD 20%). There was significant correlation between IC and FRC with a Spearman rho -0.673 (p <0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for IC and FRC was 0.803 (95% CI 0.709 to 0.897). The optimal cutoff for predicting air trapping was given for a forced IC less than 80% of its theoretical value, with a sensitivity of 82%, a specificity of 73%, a positive predictivevalue of 73% and a negative predictive value 82%.
Conclusions: Inspiratory capacity is useful in the assessment of air trapping and may determine a cut below 80%.
Published on: Mar 13, 2017 Pages: 7-10