ISSN: 2641-3027
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering
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Advanced Shape Memory Technology for Biomedical Engineering

Abhijit Vijay Salvekar1, Wei Min Huang1* and Subbu S Venkatraman2

1School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, 639798, Singapore
2School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, 639798, Singapore
*Corresponding author: Wei Min Huang, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50, Nanyang Avenue, 639798Singapore, Tel: (65) 67904859; Fax: (65) 67924062; E-mail: mwmhuang@ntu.edu.sg
Received: 20 January, 2016 | Accepted: 22 January, 2016 | Published: 23 January, 2016

Cite this as

Salvekar AV, Huang WM, Venkatraman SS (2016) Advanced Shape Memory Technology for Biomedical Engineering. Biomed Sci Eng 2(1): 001-002. DOI: 10.17352/abse.000005

Editorial

The ability to recover to the original shape only at the presence of the right stimulus is traditionally known as the shape memory effect (SME) [1]. The materials with such a capability are technically termed shape memory materials (SMMs) [2]. Typical SMMs include shape memory alloy (SMA) and shape memory polymer (SMP, including hydrogel), while typical stimuli are temperature (thermo-responsive, both heating or cooling), chemical (chemo-responsive, including water), light (photo-responsive) and magnetic (magneto-responsive) [3]. Although SMMs have been mostly used for actuators in the past, they have been proposed for new types of sensors as well, but not so successful till today [4-7].

Recent development in SMMs reveals a range of techniques not only to expand the potential applications of SMMs, but also to manipulate the shape recovery sequence in a more precise manner [8-10]. Hence, it is believed that the advanced shape memory technology is able to reshape product design in many ways, including in biomedical engineering [11-13].

Below are two examples

In Figure 1, polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel is coated on a piece of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) wire. Both PEG and PLGA are Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved materials for therapeutic devices owing to their excellent biodegradability and biocompatibility. The hybrid displays heating and water-responsive SME. After pre-stretching, it is able to buckle within less than one minute upon immersing in room temperature water due to water induced shape recovery in PEG. This concept of shape memory induced instability [10], has been proposed for temporarily blocking blood vessel for liver cancer treatment.

In Figure 2, a piece of surgical staple, which is made up of another widely used biodegradable polymer, namely polycaprolactone (PCL), has the self-tightening function upon heating to 48ºC.

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  3. Sun L, Huang WM, Ding Z, Zhao Y, Wang CC, et al. (2012) Stimulus-responsive shape memory materials: a review. Materials and Design 33: 577-640 .
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  8. Tang C, Huang WM, Wang CC, Purnawali H (2012) The triple-shape memory effect in NiTi shape memory alloys. Smart Materials and Structures 21: 085022 .
  9. Wu X, Huang WM, Zhao Y, Ding Z, Tang C, et al. (2013) Mechanisms of the shape memory effect in polymeric materials. Polymers 5: 1169-1202 .
  10. Huang WM, Lu HB, Zhao Y, Ding Z, Wang CC, et al. (2014) Instability / collapse of polymeric materials and their structures in stimulus-induced shape / surface morphology switching. Materials and Design 59: 176-192 .
  11. Yang WG, Lu HB, Huang WM, Qi HJ, Wu XL, et al. (2014) Advanced shape memory technology to reshape product design, manufacturing and recycling. Polymers 6: 2287-308 .
  12. Huang WM, Song CL, Fu YQ, Wang CC, Zhao Y, et al. (2013) Shaping tissue with shape memory materials. Adv Drug Deliver Rev 65: 515-535 .
  13. Sun L, Huang WM (2010) Thermo/moisture responsive shape-memory polymer for possible surgery/operation inside living cells in future. Mater Des 31: 2684-2689.
© 2015 Salvekar AV, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.