ISSN: 2640-7876
Global Journal of Rare Diseases
Research Article       Open Access      Peer-Reviewed

Overview of university students about causes and treatment of bacterial disease Brucellosis

Muhammad Imran Qadir and Misbah Rozi*

Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: Misbah Rozi, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan, E-mail: misbahrozi6888@gmail.com
Received: 17 December, 2018 | Accepted: 02 February, 2019 | Published: 04 February, 2019
Keywords: Brucellosis; Raw meat

Cite this as

Qadir MI, Rozi M (2019) Overview of university students about causes and treatment of bacterial disease Brucellosis. Glob J Rare Dis 4(1): 001-002. DOI: 10.17352/2640-7876.000011

Objective of the present study was to evaluate the overview of Brucellosis disease. Brucellosis is a bacterial disease which is also called undulant fever. Both human and animals are affected from this disease. When people eat contaminated food like raw meat and unpasteurized milk, they suffered from brucellosis disease. A Questionnaire was prepared that contain the question like Brucellosis is a bacterial disease, viral disease or a fungal disease. Are you suffered from this disease? Is Brucellosis treated by medicines or a surgery? Total number of university students, which took part in this research are 90. All the students belong to Bahauddin Zakariya University in Multan, Pakistan age from 20-23. We concluded that we should avoid raw meat and unpasteurized milk to getting the chance of Brucellosis.

Introduction

Brucellosis is a bacterial disease. This disease can infect both human and animal. Brucellosis is a type of fever called undulant fever. When people eat contaminated food like raw meat and unpasteurized milk, they suffered from brucellosis disease. Highest chance of getting brucellosis to those people who work with animal and raw meat. The symptoms of brucellosis in humans are back pain, headaches, and pain in the joints, appetite loss, and weight loss, fever that comes and goes. To diagnose the brucellosis, there is some test for it like blood test, urine test, testing for antibodies to brucellosis, bone marrow culture. Diagnosis may be made serologically also. Brucellosis is usually treated with antibiotics like doxycycline and tetracycline. To decrease the chance of getting brucellosis, we should use pasteurized milk and avoid raw meat. We should also wear protective clothes when working with animal [1,2].

Objective of the present study was to evaluate the overview of Brucellosis disease.

Material And Method

The total number of university students who took part in this research work is 90. They were the students of Bahauddin Zakariya University in Multan, Pakistan. A Questionnaire was prepared that contain different question about etiology of Brucellosis like Brucellosis is a bacterial, viral or a fungal disease? Maximum students said that it is a bacterial. Some question about prevalence of Brucellosis like ever you, your family member, your relative, your friend or your neighbour suffered from brucellosis? Some question about transfusion of brucellosis. Different question about treatment of brucellosis like is brucellosis treated by medicines or surgery? Mostly students answered that it is treated by medicines.

Statistical Analysis

Statistical analysis was performed by using Microsoft Excel. The percentage of every question in yes and no has been given.

Results And Discussion

Overview of university students about etiology, prevalence, transmission and treatment of Brucellosis is given. Percentages of the answers that are given by students also present in the table 1. In the table, 89.7% students said that Brucellosis is a bacterial disease and 10.2% students said that it is not a bacterial disease. Statistical analysis was performed by using Microsoft Excel.

Questionnaire based studies has been given important outcomes in current researches [3-11]. In results the percentages of yes, no is also present. E. Negash at all, studied the awareness about Brucellosis. This study could make a useful contribution towards the prevention of small ruminant brucellosis in the area. An effort should be focused on educating farmers on testing and removing affected animals, and using anti-brucellosis vaccines to protect the animals and stressing the necessity of boiling of milk and cooking meat obtained from small ruminants.

Conclusion

It was concluded from the above study that brucellosis (undulant fever) is a bacterial disease. It is caused by a group of bacteria. Antibiotics are available for its treatment. Avoid raw meat and unpasteurized milk to getting the chance of brucellosis. We concluded that the animal herders and their families should also be tested to confirm its public health threat.

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© 2019 Qadir MI, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.