ISSN: 2581-5288
Journal of Gynecological Research and Obstetrics
Short Communication       Open Access      Peer-Reviewed

Polycystic ovary syndrome: Risk factors and prevention

Sununta Youngwanichsetha*

Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand
*Corresponding author: Sununta Youngwanichsetha, Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand, E-mail:
Received: 02 January, 2020 | Accepted: 24 January, 2020 | Published: 25 January, 2020

Cite this as

Youngwanichsetha S (2020) Polycystic ovary syndrome: Risk factors and prevention. J Gynecol Res Obstet 6(1): 001-001. DOI: 10.17352/jgro.000074

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive health problem among women worldwide. It is associated with androgen excess, anovulation, abnormal menstruation, and sub-infertility. Other manifestations of PCOS are acne, abnormal hair growth, alopecia, and male-pattern baldness. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop many metabolic and reproductive health consequences that include miscarriage, gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, preeclampsia, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, renal failure, breast cancer, endometrium cancer and others [1].

Risk factors is related to genetic and health behaviors. Research evidences reveal many gene loci have been linked with development of PCOS. Familial history of PCOS and health impacts are known. Further research on genome, transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome should be investigated in order to explore and suggest specific preventive strategies [2].

Unhealthy behaviors resulting in overweight, obesity, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperandrogenism are also known to be risk factors for development of PCOS among women. Over consumption of diets and drinks containing high rich in sugar, fructose, transfat, animal fat, and processed foods are considered its leading causes. Modification of healthy dietary patterns containing natural nutrients and low glycemic index food items are recommended to promote metabolic health and prevention of obesity, insulin resistance and PCOS pathogenesis. Doing regular exercise would be additional effective prevention approach to promote insulin sensitivity and improve PCOS manifestations [3,4]. Lastly, metabolic health literacy and proactive health education should be advised and implemented among women and their families in order to raise their awareness and motivation to engage in preventive action and early detection of PCOS symptoms.

  1. Escobar-Morreale HF (2018) Polycystic ovary syndrome: Definition, aetiology, diagnosis and treatment. Nat Rev Endocrinol 14: 270-284. Link:
  2. Hiam D, Moreno-Asso A, Teede HJ, Laven JSE, Stepto NK, et al. (2019) The genetics of polycystic ovary syndrome: An overview of candidate gene systematic reviews and genome-wide associated studies. J Clin Med 8: Pii: E1606. Link:
  3. Ibáñez L, Oberfield SE, Witchel S, Auchus RJ, Chang RJ, et al. (2017) An international consortium update: Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescents. Horm Res Paediatr 88: 371-395. Link:
  4. Lagana AS, Vitale SG, Noventa M, Vitagliano A (2018) Current management of polycystic ovary syndrome: From bench to beside. International J Endocrinol 2018: 7234543. Link:
© 2020 Youngwanichsetha S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.