ISSN: 2455-1414
Journal of Clinical Research and Ophthalmology
Case Reports       Open Access      Peer-Reviewed

Bilateral iris, lens and Chorioretinal Coloboma: A Case Report

Mohamed Abdallahi Ould Hamed*, Abdoulsalam Youssoufou Soulay, Karim Reda and Abdelbarre Oubaaz

Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, Med V Military Hospital of Rabat, Morocco
*Corresponding author: Mohamed Abdallahi Ould Hamed, Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, Med V Military Hospital of Rabat, Morocco, Tel: +212655835932; E-mail: badahick@gmail.com
Received: 28 April, 2018 | Accepted: 01 May, 2018 | Published: 02 May, 2018
Keywords: Chorioretinal coloboma; Lens coloboma; Iris coloboma

Cite this as

Ould Hamed MA, Soulay AY, Reda K, Oubaaz A (2018) Bilateral iris, lens and Chorioretinal Coloboma: A Case Report. J Clin Res Ophthalmol 5(1): 012-012. DOI: 10.17352/2455-1414.000047

Colobomas are genetic malformations due to lack of closure of the embryonic fissure. These are rare malformations that can sit at any level of the eye. Colobomas can be uni or bilateral, sporadic or hereditary. It may be associated with other ocular manifestations and extra-ocular malformations involving a general, clinical and radiological examination.

We report the case of a 28 year old young man with no significant pathological history whose ophthalmological examination revealed a coloboma affecting the iris, lens and choroid.

Case Report

Colobomas are genetic malformations due to lack of closure of the embryonic fissure [1]. These are rare malformations that can sit at any level of the eye. Colobomas can be uni or bilateral, sporadic or hereditary [2]. It may be associated with other ocular manifestations and extra-ocular malformations involving a general, clinical and radiological examination.

We report the case of a 28 year old young man, with no notable pathological antecedents showing a progressive decline in visual acuity. On examination, his visual acuity is 7/10 not improvable with the optical correction. Bio microscopic examination revealed bilaterally iris coloboma (Figure 1A,B) and lens cataract and coloboma (Figure 2A,B).

Intraocular pressure was normal in the right eye and the left eye.

At the eye’s fundus there is the presence of a bilateral choroidal coloboma (Figure 3A,B). The neurological examination and brain MRI have been performed are without abnormalities.

The patient is monitored regularly for possible complications including retinal detachment or choroidal neovascularization [3].

  1. Duvall J, Miller SL, Cheatle E, Tso MO (1987) Histopathologic study of ocular changes in a syndrome of multiple congenital anomalies. Am J Ophthalmol 103: 701-705.Link: https://goo.gl/H3DoKG
  2. Pavan-Langston D (1996) Manual of Ocular Diagnosis and Therapy. Boston: Little Brown and Co 350.Link: https://goo.gl/BS7dAZ
  3. Spitzer M, Grisanti S, Bartz-Schmidt KU, Gelisken F (2006) Choroidal neovascularization in retinochoroidal coloboma: thermal laser treatment achieves long-term stabilization of visual acuity. Eye (London) 20: 972-1069.Link: https://goo.gl/sdyRBd
© 2018 Ould Hamed MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

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